How to Fry an Egg

Whether you love a sunny-side-up, an over-easy, or over-medium egg, today’s post will be the perfect start to your day because today I’m sharing step-by-step instructions on how to fry an egg, plus a few delicious recipes so your egg doesn’t have to be all alone.

In this video, I am going to show you how to fry an egg in a non-stick pan.

I love eggs because they’re an inexpensive source of protein and a very versatile ingredient. With the recipes I’ll share in this post, you don’ thave to eat them just for breakfast.

Eggs are great scrambled, poached, boiled, and of course, fried! Whether you like them sunny-side up or over easy, below, I’m going to cover how to cook eggs to ease your taste and preference.

Image: Fried egg on top of a sweet potato. v

Egg Frying Methods

There are few different ways to make fried eggs, but essentially, you’re going to cook the egg on a pan with some type of grease on it.

I personally prefer to spray a non-stick pan with a little oil, although some people prefer to add 1/4 or 1/3 of an inch of oil to a pan and cook the egg inside the grease.

Frying an Egg in a Non-Stick Pan

Whether you prefer an egg yolk that’s runny, sunny-side up, or over easy, all of these can be achieved in a non-stick pan

To fry an egg in a non-stick pan, you’ll want to turn your heat to medium, and once the pan is hot, spray it or add your grease. 

If you’re using oil spray, you’ll want to crack your egg shortly after you spray the pan so your spray doesn’t burn. 

The Different Fried Eggs

ou might have heard different terms that all refer to a fried egg. The difference between them is how long the egg yolk is cooked. Below are the differences between each fried egg:

Sunny-Side-Up
The most visually appealing way to eat an egg and perfect for all my fellow runny-yolk lovers! 

Sunny-side-up eggs tend to have a soft egg-white as well, and they are never flipped. To cook a sunny-side-up egg, you want to cook it over medium heat so you can cook the egg-white through without overcooking the yellow.

Image: Fried egg over a bowl of savory oatmeal.

Over-Easy
Instead of cooking one side, over-easy eggs are cooked on both sides, so the egg whites are completely set, but the yolk still remains runny.

To cook an over-easy egg, you’ll want to cook it over medium-high heat and once the egg-white is cooked through, you’ll flip the egg with the help of a spatula or a good shake of the wrist (like in the video)

Over-Medium
Over-medium fried eggs are essentially cooked the same as over-easy eggs, but once flipped, the egg yolk is cooked an additional minute to where the egg yolk is just slightly cooked solid at the bottom but there’s still a little runny yolk.

Over-Hard
The yolk of an over-hard egg does not run at all, which makes it perfect for sandwiches and prep ahead recipes. 

Over-hard egg yolks are fully cooked through once the egg is flipped. those who detest runny yolks. 

Best Pan for Fried Eggs

A non-stick 7 to 8-inch pan like this one is the best tool for making perfect fried eggs. 

It should be noted that the “non-stick” does not mean you do not need to use oil or spray to fry an egg; it only means that the food won’t stick when cooked on its surface. 

However, since eggs need to be flipped, it’s essential to grease it. 

I prefer a smaller pan to fry 1 to 2 eggs, sometimes 3. If you’re cooking a lot of eggs at once, you might want a large non-stick griddle instead. 

Some people like to use a well-seasoned cast-iron skillet to fry their eggs, this is especially delicious if you’re frying them up after cooking bacon on that same pan. The bacon grease will help cook the egg and even allow you to flip it; however, frying an egg directly on the cast-iron surface is not a good idea.

My least favorite to do the job is a stainless steel pan. Unless you use a generous amount of oil, your eggs will typically stick to the bottom. 

How to Fry an Egg Step-by-Step

Grab your pan, and let’s get cracking!

1. Preheat the Pan
Heat the pan over medium heat for about 30 seconds. Add oil, melt butter, or spray the surface. Heat the grease for about fifteen seconds.

2. Crack the Eggs
Working 1 to 2 eggs at a time, carefully crack the eggs in the pan. The more eggs in the pan, the longer they’ll need to cook.

3. Cook
Your egg yolk preference will determine how long you’ll need to cook the egg.

At first, you’ll want to cook the egg white mostly through and then flip. Once you flip the egg, continue cooking until your egg yolk is cooked to your desired consistency.

4. Serve
Sunny-side-up: once the white is set and no more “transparent” raw egg white is visible, remove the egg from the pan.

For over-easy, medium, or hard, cook until the egg yolk is cooked how you like it.

Sunny-Side-Up Eggs

Sunny-side up eggs are cooked only on one side for about 5 minutes or until the egg white is set, but the golden-yellow yolk is still intact.

When cooking sunny-side-eggs, I make sure the heat is on medium so the egg white can cook thoroughly without overcooking the egg yolk.

I love serving sunny-side-up eggs on top of savory oats.

Over Easy Eggs

Over easy eggs involves an extra step by flipping sunny-side eggs and frying for an additional minute. Although it hides the bright yellow yolk- it adds that golden-crispy coat to both sides and it helps hold the yolk in place.

Over Medium Eggs

This method cooks the egg on both sides until the yolk does not run at all. Some argue this defeats the purpose of fried eggs, but they do work great if you want to add a fried egg to a sandwich or to serve to anyone who’s kryptonite is runny yolks.

Over-medium eggs are also great for when you want to prep-ahead breakfast sandwiches like this one.

Image:Homemade Egg McMuffin in a tin lunch box

If you prefer hard-cooked eggs, then boiled eggs are another easy way to get in the extra protein. If you want to know how to make soft-boiled to hard-boiled eggs that are easy to peel, I have everything you need to know here. 

Best Way to Fry an Egg and Helpful Tips

I’ve fried a TON of eggs over the years, and I can confidently share the best tips and practices to cook perfect eggs for any occasion: 

Slow-and-Low is best.
Avoid cooking eggs at medium-high or high temperatures. High heat cooks the protein rapidly, which can cause bubbling, burning, and ultimately- sticking. 

The smaller the pan, the better.
It’s tempting to grab the largest pan you own and crack all the eggs at once, but trust me, a 7 to 8-inch pan will keep the heat “in” and cook the egg on an even surface. 

A smaller pan will help eggs cook evenly and will require less effort from a spatula and therefore reducing the chance of breaking when flipping or removing.

Cooking spray from the spray can is best.
I prefer cooking spray from the can over butter and oil. It gives the pan an even coating, which is vital for making eggs that don’t stick. 

As mentioned above, make sure to preheat your pan, spray, and immediately crack the egg. You do not want the oil to burn on the pan and change the taste of your egg.

How to Flip an Egg

Everyone has a secret talent, and mine happens to be flipping an egg without the assistance of a spatula. To this date, I’ve been able to flip 6 at once, for the fun of it (not recommended, remember- less is more).

Seeing is believing so here’s the video of 5 of them to prove it.

Now, if you’re ready for the next step of fried eggs, that being, how to flip an egg, I’ve got the step-by-step guide to make you an egg-frying and flipping master in no time!

Fried Egg Recipes

Now that we know how to fry an egg, what can we make with them? So glad you asked because I have a ton of ideas that I know you will love listed right below. 

Fried Eggs Recipe

Image: Fried egg in a skillet

Step-by-step instructions on how to fry an egg, plus delicious recipes to serve with them.

  • Author: MOMables – Laura
  • Cook Time: 5-6 minutes
  • Total Time: 5-6 minutes
  • Yield: 2 eggs 1x
  • Category: Breakfast
  • Diet: Gluten Free
Scale

Ingredients

  • Cooking spray
  • 2 eggs
  • Salt and black pepper, for seasoning

Instructions

  1. Heat the pan over medium heat for about 15 seconds, then grease. 
  2. Crack 2 eggs in the pan and cook for 5 minutes or until the egg whites are completely set. 
  3. Once the egg whites are set, about 4 to 5 minutes, give the eggs a quick shimmy in the pan and using your wrist, toss the pan upward, using it to catch the eggs. Or, you can use a thin spatula to assist by sliding it under the egg and flipping it over.
  4. Cook for an additional minute or until the yolks reach your preferred doneness and remove from heat onto a plate.

Nutrition

  • Serving Size: 2 eggs
  • Calories: 145
  • Sugar: 0.4g
  • Sodium: 723.5mg
  • Fat: 9.7g
  • Saturated Fat: 3.1g
  • Carbohydrates: 0.8g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Protein: 12.6g
  • Cholesterol: 372mg

About MOMables - Laura

Mom to 3 kids, obsessed with coffee, meal planning, and helping you cook fresh meals for your family fast!